Scientists Discovered The Oldest Evidence Of Horsemanship In The Bronze Age
Scientists of the South Ural State University Igor Chechushkov, as part of an international team of researchers from Kazakhstan, Russia, and the United States, discovered the oldest evidence of the use of horses by riders in the bronze age, according to the University.
"Russian scientists have discovered the oldest evidence of horsemanship in the bronze age. New facts about the use of horses in the bronze age were discovered by a SUSU scientist working with the materials of Andronovo culture monuments. As part of an international team from Kazakhstan, Russia, and the United States, the researcher studied the age of animals found in an ancient mound, as well as changes in the skull that indicated the use of horses by riders," the report says.
An article on the results of a multidisciplinary study of horse burial was published in one of the most prestigious journals of the first quartile, the Journal of Archaeological Science reports.
As pointed out by the University, a team of scientists proved that the Andronovo people have mastered riding a few centuries earlier than is commonly believed; this conclusion was made by researchers working with the findings of the fifth mound in the system of the Novoil’inovskiy 2 burial ground.
The burial ground is located near the city of Lisakovsk in the Kostanay region of Kazakhstan. About 3,500 years ago, this territory was inhabited by the carriers of the Andronovo culture (the common name of a group of archaeological cultures of the bronze age). A distinctive feature of the people of that period was the developed horse breeding. Animals were used not only for food but also for harnessing chariots and riding.
This discovery is confirmed by the remains of horses that were found in the burial ground Novoil’inovskiy 2. Scientists drew attention to the approximate age of the buried animals: the stallion was about 20 years old, and the Mare, about 18. For "meat" cattle, their life span was too long. Next to the horses were parts of ancient bridles. Thanks to this, scientists have confirmed their hypothesis: the animals were sacrificially buried together with the person they accompanied during life, the University says.