The First Interplanetary Station Of The UAE Launched To Mars
The H-IIA carrier rocket with the Emirati interplanetary station Al Amal successfully launched from the Japanese Tanegashima spaceport. The first Martian research spacecraft created by a country in the Arab world went to the red planet. The launch was broadcast on the mission's official website.
The Automatic Interplanetary Station Al Amal ("Hope") was created in 2014 as part of the Emirates Mars Mission program, conducted by the United Arab Emirates, whose goals are to develop the country's scientific and technical potential and expand human knowledge about the Martian atmosphere. The device was developed by the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center in conjunction with the University of Colorado at Boulder, the University of Arizona, and the University of California at Berkeley and became the first Martian research vehicle in the UAE and the Arab world.
The Nadezhda has a mass of 1,350 kilograms, including fuel. The station is equipped with two solar panels with a total power of 1800 watts, which are responsible for recharging the batteries, a parabolic 1.5-meter high-gain antenna, low-gain antennas, and six motors. The vehicle's orientation system includes star sensors, flywheels, and eight small thrusters.
Scientific tasks for the station will be to study the lower layers of the Martian atmosphere, in particular, the distribution of temperature, dust, water vapor and ice crystals in it, to study the dynamics of heat flows in the atmosphere depending on the time of year, as well as the influence of climate on the rate of loss of hydrogen and oxygen by the upper layers of the red planet's atmosphere. To implement the scientific program, Nadezhda is equipped with a set of three instruments: an EMUs ultraviolet spectrograph, an EXI multispectral camera, and an EMIRS infrared spectrometer.
The station was launched into space using the H-IIA launch vehicle on July 20, 2020, from the launch pad of the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. The flight phase to Mars will take seven months, after which, in February 2021, the station will make a maneuver to enter orbit around the red planet. After a 6-week test period, the station will move to an elliptical working orbit with 55 hours around Mars and begin a two-year scientific program.
At the end of July this year, as part of the new NASA Mars 2020 research program, the Perseverance Rover, which will try to find signs of the existence of ancient microbiological life forms on the planet, and the unmanned helicopter "Ingeniti" are to go into space.