Rare Artifacts Found In The Biblical City Of King David
In Israel, Macquarie University archaeologists have discovered a rare statue of the Canaanite God Baal and a bronze statue of a calf while excavating in the lost biblical city of Khirbet El-Rai.
A brief report on the opening is published on the University's website. It is reported that the age of the found artifacts is about 3,300 years.
They were discovered in a lost city that scientists believe may be linked to the legendary King David. Two seals and Canaanite and Philistine pottery from the 12th century BC were also found.
The Canaanite God Baal is depicted in a menacing form-he is preparing to hit his enemies. This statuette is made of bronze. As for the calf, it reminded archaeologists of the biblical parable of the "Golden calf". The statuettes were found in various places on the site designated for excavation.
Archaeologists have identified cultural layers of the XII-X centuries BC. They belong to the Canaanite period in the period of the domination of Philistines, as well as to the period of the Kingdom of Judah. The researchers also found evidence of a severe fire, in particular, burned bricks, traces of burned wood and a lot of fire-damaged ceramic vessels.
This coincides with the biblical account that the city was raided by the Amalekites. In the biblical book of Samuel, it is mentioned under the name of Ziklag. According to the Bible, the Philistine king Akish Gatski gave Ziklag king David.
David is widely known - he killed the great warrior Goliath. It is believed that the city of Ziklag was handed over to David when he fled from King Saul. After Saul's death, David became king in Hebron, but he also retained his power over Cyclagus, which became one of the major cities of the nascent Kingdom of Judah.
The true location of this city has remained unknown for centuries. Scientists knew about 12 places where this city could presumably have stood. Since 2018, it is believed that the Cyclag is Khirbet El-Rai.
According to archaeologists, the new findings only confirm that the excavated settlement is the biblical city of king David. The study of cultural strata clearly shows that the Philistine period lasted relatively short. This is consistent with the biblical narrative.
The excavations also found vessels for storing oil and wine, a cache of flint "blanks" for sickle-shaped blades, Canaanite inscriptions, oil lamps, and a portable Shrine.
In addition, the remains of monumental buildings and several residential buildings were found. In one of the monumental buildings, the oldest found, there is a room full of burnt bones and religious objects. Some of them, as scientists have established, were made in Cyprus. Such objects and architecture indicate that this city had a complex society with extensive international connections.