Boeing Will Wrap Up The Production Of Jumbo Jets
American aircraft manufacturer Boeing decided to curtail the mass production of two-deck wide-body aircraft Boeing 747, which received the nickname "Jumbo jet" (a giant plane). According to Bloomberg, citing sources familiar with the situation, Boeing, which has not officially announced the closure of production of 747s, will stop producing such aircraft after the last of them is delivered to the customer. The decision to stop production was made due to a small number of orders for Boeing 747 Airliners.
Currently, Boeing is engaged in the production of Boeing 747 Airliners in the B747-8 version. The concern has orders for the delivery of only 15 such aircraft in the cargo version of the B747-8F, which it must fulfill by the end of 2022. At the same time, some of the customers will likely refuse to buy aircraft.
In addition to the small number of orders for "Jumbo Jets," another reason for the closure of serial production was the refusal of airlines from large four-engine aircraft, originally designed to transport a large number of passengers and cargo over long distances. For this reason, in particular, at the beginning of last year, the European concern Airbus decided to close the serial production of A380 Airliners, the world's largest passenger aircraft.
The Boeing 747 was developed in the 1960s and made its first flight in 1969. This aircraft, because of the development of which Boeing was on the verge of bankruptcy (a lot of money was spent on the development of the airliner and its certification, but airlines were not immediately interested in the "Jumbo Jet," became the world's first two-deck wide-body airliner. Until the A380 was commissioned, the Jumbo jet remained the largest and most spacious airliner in the world.
First of all, the Boeing 747 was developed as an aircraft capable of transporting a large number of passengers across the Atlantic without landing at intermediate points. In those years, transatlantic flights were prohibited for twin-engine aircraft. In total, 1557 Airliners of different versions were assembled and delivered to customers throughout the history of Jumbo Jet. The plane never became a commercial success. The last order for a passenger version of the Boeing 747 was placed in 2017 by Air Force One of the US air force.
The length of the "Jumbo Jet", depending on the version, is from 56.3 to 76.3 meters, and the wingspan is from 59.6 to 68.4 meters. The airliner has a maximum take-off weight of 317 to 448 tons. It is capable of flying at speeds of up to 933 kilometers per hour at a distance of up to 14.3 thousand kilometers. The modern passenger version of the Boeing 747-8 is designed to carry up to 467 passengers. In 1991, an El Al Boeing 747 carried 1,122 passengers to Israel in a single flight. That was a military operation to export Ethiopian Jews to Israel.