The Top 30 Tom Cruise Films of All Time

The Top 30 Tom Cruise Films of All Time

Here''s all you need to know about the best Tom Cruise films! From his young person photos during the 80s to his status as a marquee-lighting driving driver today, Tom Cruise has reliably dealt with a profound period of time hes done unimaginable missions, discovered Wapner time in Rain Man, driven the path to the danger zone in Top Gun, and done considers for Bob Segers power explanations in Risky Business.

Mr. Cruise is a little bundle of the true blue film stars left in the Hollywood air, so whether youre a no-nonsense fan or just charged up by a supplemental class on his filmography, were there to investigate a genuine business and class all Tom Cruise motion pictures.

When Tom Cruise slid across the floor, this scandalous second in 1983''s Hazardous Business became popular, he has become perhaps the finest VIP on the planet. That''s 37 years of being Hollywood!

Besides, hes had a future at the top rate of appreciation to making unquestionably the main films ever over those no less than three years. Now lets not wait much have a look at the Tom Cruise movies ranked from number 30 and going all the way to number 1.

Each of the huge Tom Cruise films, from the most shocking to stunning, has been recorded and sorted out using IMDb and rotten tomatoes. Check out the full synopsis for the most recent ones.

30.Knight And Day

  • Writer:Patrick ONeill
  • Director:James Mangold
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Cameron Diaz, Peter Sarsgaard
  • IMDb Rating:6.3/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:52%

June Havens (Cameron Diaz) builds up her mind-boggling seatmate out out of Kansas, but she does not grasp that she will eventually leave in a long-term relationship. Roy Miller (Tom Cruise) is a strange user who claims he has been set up to fall.

June should avoid disasters in Boston, bounce roofs in Austria, and stay away from bulls in Spain at this point, as she and Roy demonstrate that trust is the paramount capacity to save money.

It''s an unadulterated equation, but by the uprightness of its rough speed and a few overwhelming introductions from Tom Cruise and Cameron Diaz, Knight and Day offer a lovely summer activity.


  • Writer:Karl Gajdusek, Michael Arndt
  • Director:Joseph Kosinski
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Morgan Freeman, Olga Kurylenko, Andrea Riseborough
  • IMDb Rating:7.0/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:61%

In 2077, Jack Harper (Tom Cruise) was left unfilled and crushed by a disagreement with outsiders. However, he has fourteen days left before his central objective goals and he joins his kindred survivors in a remote area. Regardless, true reality for Jack comes crashing down after he saves an incredible untouchable (Olga Kurylenko) from a reduced space mechanical meeting.

In the Jacks gutsy quest to save humankind, the lady''s appearance sets off a chain of events that progresses at ground zero. Oblivion, in any case well organized, has benefited greatly from Tom Cruise''s solid creation values.

28.Top Gun

  • Writer:Jim Cash, Jack Epps Jr.
  • Director:Tony Scott
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Tim Robbins, Kelly McGillis
  • IMDb Rating:6.9/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:83%

The Top Gun Naval Fighter Weapons School is the place where the best train to refine their first-rate flying limits. Right when superstar military pilot Maverick (Tom Cruise) is withdrawn from the school, his unwise attitude and his presumptuous demeanor put him at risk with different pilots, particularly the cool and collected Iceman (Val Kilmer). Despite his ambition, Maverick is not just battling to be the top military pilot, but he is captivated by the possibility of his incredible

Top Gun, which is populated if not the most basic and stunning aerial film with a skill for development, isn''t a problem for those who want to watch the game.

27.Mission Impossible 2

  • Writer:Brannon Braga, Ronald D. Moore, Robert Towne
  • Director:John Woo
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Dougray Scott, Thandie Newton, Ving Rhames
  • IMDb Rating:6.1/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:57%

In the second piece of Mission: Impossible, Tom Cruise gets back to his job as Ethan Hunt. This time, Ethan Hunt gets his not permanently set up to deal with German pollution before it is conveyed by mental oppressors. His primary goal is made unimaginable because of how he isnt the ruling individual after occurrences of the illness.

He should correspondingly challenge with a posse of by and large controllers headed by a turned uncomfortable past IMF master who has effectively devised a smart method for fixing the problem. In any case, your eyes will eat up the amazing activity strategies.


  • Writer:Christopher McQuarrie, Nathan Alexander
  • Director:Bryan Singer
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Kenneth Branagh, Bill Nighy, Tom Wilkinson
  • IMDb Rating:7.1/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:65%

Colonel Claus Von Stauffenberg (Tom Cruise) works in Germany with unwavering pride and trust, but fears that Hitler will destroy his country if he is permitted to run unreasonably.

Von Stauffenberg joins a social encounter with men who are near and high-organizing and must remove the Nazi system from the inside.

Von Stauffenberg evolves into a professional killer in a quest to murder the terrible depot. Given the fact, Valkyrie might have been an unprecedented true blue spine-chiller yet agrees to be a somewhat attractive, yet dispensable yarn.

25.The Outsiders

  • Writer:S.E. Hinton, Kathleen Rowell
  • Director:Francis Ford Coppola
  • Cast:Matt Dillon, C. Thomas Howell, Ralph Macchio, Patrick Swayze
  • IMDb Rating:7.1/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:82%

The Greasers are endlessly at odds with the Socials, an adversary pack. Exactly when Ponyboy (C. Thomas Howell) and Johnny (Ralph Macchio) enter a fight that ends in the demise of a Social part, the young workers are compelled to stay.

Ponyboy and Johnny, along with Dallas (Matt Dillon), and their other Greaser amigos should fight with their long-term consequences. While explicit Greasers strive to achieve recovery, others endure dramatic terminations. The Outsiders maintains a violent, curious, and fun assortment of the incredible book.

24.Interview With the Vampire

  • Writer:Anne Rice
  • Director:Neil Jordan
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Brad Pitt, Antonio Banderas, Stephen Rea
  • IMDb Rating:7.5/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:86%

The Greasers are never-ending at chances with the Socials, and a foe gathering. Right when Ponyboy (C. Thomas Howell) and Johnny (Ralph Macchio) enter a fight that ends the passing of a Social part, the young people are obligated to stay. Soon Ponyboy and Johnny, who live alongside Dallas (Matt Dillon), and their other Greaser amigos should battle with the consequences of their wild lives.

While explicit Greasers seek to recover, others attain unlucky ends. The splits continue to appear in Coppolas'' main style, but The Outsiders remains a swirling, odd, and fun difference in the estimated book.

23.Jack Reacher

  • Writer:Christopher McQuarrie
  • Director:Christopher McQuarrie
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Rosamund Pike, Robert Duvall, Richard Jenkins
  • IMDb Rating:7.0/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:67%

One morning in a standard town, five individuals are shot dead in an erratic assault. All evidence communities to a solitary suspect: an ex-military expert shooter who is immediately brought into guardia. The man''s cross-examination yields one statement: Get Jack Reacher (Tom Cruise).

Reacher, an astounding ex-Army auditor, recognizes that the specialists have the best man in any case consents to assist the expert marksman safeguard his legitimate instructor (Rosamund Pike).

Notwithstanding, the more Reacher enters the case, the more unobtrusive it manifests. Jack Reacher is a shockingly decent terrible conduct spine chiller with an engaging execution from Tom Cruise.

22.Mission Impossible

  • Writer:Bruce Geller, David Koepp, Steven Zaillian
  • Director:Brian De Palma
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Jon Voight, Henry Czerny, Ving Rhames
  • IMDb Rating:7.1/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:71%

Right, when U.S. government employing Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) and his assistant, Jim Phelps (Jon Voight), go on a cryptic undertaking that veers off in an unexpected direction, Jim is killed, and Ethan transforms into the greatest murder suspect.

Hunt starts a bandit, revealing software engineer Luther Stickell (Ving Rhames) and protester pilot Franz Krieger to assist him in slipping into an unambiguously viewed CIA to try and recuperate a depicted PC record.

Brian DePalmas'' mission is undergoing a slew of clearing scenes, but the plot is now and again tangled.

21.The Last Samurai

  • Writer:John Logan, Edward Zwick, Marshall Herskovitz
  • Director:Edward Zwick
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Ken Watanabe, Timothy Spall, Billy Connolly
  • IMDb Rating:7.8/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:83%

Capt. Nathan Algren (Tom Cruise) is an American military authority appointed by the Emperor of Japan to set up the nations in advance pre-arranged power in the art of current battling.

As the public power attempts to defy the more seasoned Samurai champion class, Algren departs from nowhere, being affected by his encounters with the Samurai, which puts him at the sign of a blend of two periods and two universes. The Last Samurai is a fantastic epic with remarkable design regards and animation battle scenes.


  • Writer:Darryl Ponicsan, Robert Mark Kamen, James Lineberger
  • Director:Harold Becker
  • Cast:Timothy Hutton, George C. Scott, Ronny Cox, Sean Penn
  • IMDb Rating:6.8/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:68%

The understudies, particularly shocked at the possibility that their school might be transformed into condominium apartments, are committed to reacting.

Driven by Cadet Maj. Brian Moreland (Timothy Hutton), they stage a school-wide protest that terminates with them liable for the grounds. Just after convincing the commander (George C. Scott), Brian and his kindred starts, Alex (Sean Penn) and David (Tom Cruise) have had their hardest confrontation yet with the Army.

19.Mission Impossible III

  • Writer:Alex Kurtzman, Roberto Orci, J.J. Abrams
  • Director:J.J. Abrams
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Ving Rhames, Billy Crudup
  • IMDb Rating:6.9/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:71%

Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) is on the verge of becoming a leader in his mission, but still faces the hardest foe of his calling: Owen Davian (Philip Seymour Hoffman), an overall representative of arms and data, who is at any rate shrewd as he is merciless. Davian arises to mull over and all that he holds dear, including the lady Hunt loves.

The most recent Mission: Impossible piece gives an activity fan everything they need. A well-needed summer popcorn flick.

18.The Firm

  • Writer:David Rabe, Robert Towne, David Rayfiel
  • Director:Sydney Pollack
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Jeanne Tripplehorn, Gene Hackman, Holly Hunter
  • IMDb Rating:6.8/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:75%

A keen, confident educator has joined a reputable rule office in order to determine that most of their clients are on a prohibited side of the law. While the organization is assisting with cleaning swarm cash, getting clients off charges, and even crime accomplices who have invested resources into a chance to annihilate their cover, he is now in desperate need of help, rebuilding his life and his potential.

The Firm is a basic studio spine chiller that amusingly reveals the rest of the 1980s meeting room culture and the fake assurances it had.

17.Eyes Wide Shut

  • Writer:Stanley Kubrick, Frederic Raphael, Arthur Schnitzer
  • Director:Stanley Kubrick
  • Cast:Stanley Kubrick, Frederic Raphael, Arthur Schnitzler
  • IMDb Rating:7.5/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:75%

Alice (Nicole Kidman), a Dr. Charge Hartfords boyfriend, is forced to come to terms with having sexual dreams about a stranger. He then travels to a party for an intimate meeting and quickly realizes that he is in a situation. Kubricks amazing judgment of the human brain yields astounding work.

16.War of the Worlds

  • Writer:Josh Friedman, David Koepp, H.G. Wells
  • Director:Steven Spielberg
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Dakota Fanning, Miranda Otto, Justin Chatwin
  • IMDb Rating:6.5/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:75%

Ray Ferrier (Tom Cruise) is attempting to establish a positive connection with his two children, Rachel (Dakota Fanning) and Robbie (Justin Chatwin). Just as his ex, Mary Ann (Miranda Otto), drops them off at Ferriers home, it appears that it will be another stressful week as the week comes to an end.

Despite the fact that when the electromagnetic lightning strikes the region, the impossible to miss event turns out to be the beginning of a far-off obstruction, and Ferrier should now shield his youth as they seek for protection.

Steven Spielbergs'' distinguished career in War of the Worlds has come to an end for H.G. Wells'' gloomy novel, while unsettlingly reorganizing the effect of current social affairs.

15.Tropic Thunder

  • Writer:Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Etan Cohen
  • Director:Ben Stiller
  • Cast:Ben Stiller, Jack Black, Robert Downey Jr., Nick Nolte
  • IMDb Rating:7.0/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:82%

Tugg Speedman (Ben Stiller), an obliterated action virtuoso, is planning to enter Southeast Asia to investigate the most powerful, extreme fight film he has ever seen, yet not long before recording starts, and his co-stars, Oscar-winner Kirk Lazarus (Robert Downey Jr., Jeff Portnoy, and the rest of the social event, should end up being certifiable authorities while interfacing with breaks out in that piece of nature.

Tropic Thunder is a powerful pre-fall thriller with a chewing spoof, a ton of burnable humor, and a remarkable turn by Robert Downey Jr.

14.Jerry Maguire

  • Writer:Cameron Crowe
  • Director:Cameron Crowe
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Cuba Gooding Jr., Renee Zellweger, Kelly Preston
  • IMDb Rating:7.3/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:84%

Jerry Maguire (Tom Cruise) is a fast-paced player with a genuine wide update that quickly gets him wrapped up. Unhinged to stick to the competitors that he addresses, Jerry starts his affiliation firm, with basically a single mother Dorothy Boyd (Rene Zellweger) obliging him to his most significant benefit.

Rod Tidwell, a football player, Jerry, and Dorothy, all joined the team in spritting to make their business work. Gotten thanks to fantastic introductions from Tom Cruise, Cuba Gooding Jr., and Renee Zellweger, as well as Cameron Crowes'' sensitive bearing, Jerry Maguire''s feelings, and sports with panache.


  • Writer:Paul Thomas Anderson
  • Director:Paul Thomas Anderson
  • Cast:Jason Robards, Julianne Moore, Tom Cruise, Philip Seymour Hoffman
  • IMDb Rating:8.0/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:89%

A contracting father, an energetic partner, a male gatekeeper, an eminent lost juvenile, a cop in love, a youth virtuoso, an ex-kid virtuoso, a game show have all become essential for an incredible mix of plots, yet one story.

Magnolia is a comprehensive, well-crafted work that takes into account fascinating facts and amazing social events over an extended period.

12.A Few Good Men

  • Writer:Aaron Sorkin
  • Director:Rob Reiner
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson, Demi Moore, Kevin Bacon
  • IMDb Rating:7.7/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:89%

Lt. Daniel Kaffee (Tom Cruise) is an essential legal advisor protecting two US Marines accused of killing a particular Marine at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba. Regardless of how Kaffee is known for seeking request agreements, Lt. Cdr. JoAnne Galloway (Demi Moore) expresses his belief that the marines were no ifs and, or buts doing a sales from a widespread.

Kaffee faces a challenge by resolving Col. Nathan R. Jessep (Jack Nicholson) to perform a search for the arrangement. A Few Good Men, an obsolete court show with a contemporary charm, demonstrates the strength of its actors, with Tom Cruise, Demi Moore, and particularly Jack Nicholson, conveying strong showcases that transcend the traditional plot.

11.Born On The Fourth of July

  • Writer:Ron Kovic, Oliver Stone
  • Director:Oliver Stone
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Willem Dafoe, Kyra Sedgwick, Raymond J. Barry
  • IMDb Rating:7.2/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:85%

Normal New York youngster Ron Kovic (Tom Cruise) coexists with the Marines during his second visit to Vietnam, claiming he was committed to killing one individual authority during a retreat and ending up being forever covered in a battle.

Kovic changes into an invigorated insight into the dispute, returning to a horrendous Veterans Administration alliance and to individuals on the sides of the political opening who dismisses to realize what he did.

A Few Good Men, an out-of-date court execution with a contemporary twist, has an impact on the stars'' strength, with Tom Cruise, Demi Moore, and particularly Jack Nicholson, delivering solid presentations that more than compensate for the normal plot.


  • Writer:Stuart Beattie
  • Director:Michael Mann
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Jamie Foxx, Jada Pinkett Smith, Mark Ruffalo
  • IMDb Rating:7.5/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:86%

cabbie admits that his stream cost is a self-described tycoon who has been meeting him all over with one etching then onto the following till the last observer has died. When the cabbie finally has identified this present reality, he should keep the master professional killer away from finding his last observer without breaking into the traps of the expert assassins.

Collateral, driven by supervisor Michael Manns, shows off visuals and a ludicrous, shocking performance from Tom Cruise. A slick and poignant noir thrill ride.

9.American Made

  • Writer:Gary Spinelli
  • Director:Doug Liman
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Domhnall Gleeson, Sarah Wright Olsen, Jesse Plemons
  • IMDb Rating:7.1/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:85%

Barry Seal, a TWA pilot, is enrolled by the CIA in order to offer a perspective on Central America''s flourishing socialist gamble, and is soon faced with one of the most outrageous secretive CIA practices ever through the whole presence of the United States.

The development sets the foundation for the Medellin embargo and nearly hacks down the Reagan White House. American Mades'' uninterested disposition with its genuine story reflects the obvious reality and astonishing watchable energy Tom Cruise creates in the key work.

8.The Color Of Money

  • Writer:Walter Tevis, Richard Price
  • Director:Martin Scorsese
  • Cast:Paul Newman, Tom Cruise, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, Helen Shaver
  • IMDb Rating:7.0/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:89%

Eddie Felson, a former pool dealer, concludes his desire to return to the game by taking an understudy. He meets proficient at any rate green Vincent Lauria (Tom Cruise) and proposes an affiliation.

Eddie promotes cheating while he travels to pool halls. Vincent is shocked by Vincent''s hotshot actions, which have shaped a dispute and a disagreement. Eddie starts playing again and before long experiences Vincent as an adversary.

The fact that its inferior was different from the first should be irrefutable, yet Paul Newman and Tom Cruise are a pleasure to watch, and Martin Scorseses'' bearing is often incontestable.

7.Rain Man

  • Writer:Barry Morrow
  • Director:Barry Morrow, Ronald Bass
  • Cast:Dustin Hoffman, Tom Cruise, Valeria Golino, Jerry Molen
  • IMDb Rating:8.0/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:90%

Right when vehicle merchant Charlie Babbitt (Tom Cruise) observes that his removed father passed on, he returns to Cincinnati, where he observes that he has a helpfully caring, more settled family named Raymond (Dustin Hoffman) and that his father''s $3 million fortune is dynamic given to Raymond''s psychological affiliation.

Charlie, credited with his fathers'' cash, examines Raymond in the working environment to return to Los Angeles. Both the family''s cross-country journey will drastically alter their lives.

This film about a mentally lopsided researcher and his young kinfolk is a long way from excellent, yet Barry Levinsons'' course is troubling, and solid films from Tom Cruise and Dustin Hoffman add to its charm.

6.Minority Report

  • Writer:Philip K. Dick, Scott Frank, Jon Cohen
  • Director:Steven Spielberg
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Colin Farrell, Samantha Morton, Max von Sydow
  • IMDb Rating:7.7/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:90%

Minority Report, a development criminal specialist thrill ride set in Washington, D.C. in 2054, where police use a visionary improvement to catch and convict killers before they execute their terrible methods of behaving. Tom Cruise is himself accused of the future injustice of a guy he hasnt met.

Steven Spielberg, both fascinating and natural, joins great idea tests and high power activity in this quick and febrile science fiction spine chiller.

5.Edge of Tomorrow

  • Writer:Christopher McQuarrie, Jez Butterworth, John-Henry Butterworth
  • Director:Doug Liman
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Emily Blunt, Brendan Gleeson, Bill Paxton
  • IMDb Rating:7.9/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:91%

Cage, a power who has never seen battle, is assigned to a collapse mission in minutes. Despite his rehash, Cages improves with each rehash, bringing him and a sidekick (Emily Blunt) closer and closer to defeating the pariahs.

Edge of Tomorrow, who is entrancing, and sharp, offers an attractive check that Tom Cruise is far more than arranged for handling the heaviness of a blockbuster adventure.

4.Risky Business

  • Writer:Paul Brickman
  • Director:Paul Brickman
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Rebecca De Mornay, Bronson Pinchot, Joe Pantoliano
  • IMDb Rating:6.8/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:92%

Joel Goodsen, a youngster school senior, has been reunited with his dearest friend Miles after working to find the associations of a genuine off-course. Lana (Rebecca De Mornay) is unintentionally distraught when his parents make a comeback.

The following morning, Joel develops wild after crashing his dads Porsche. With an extreme desire to easily collect bunches of cash, an off-the-wall Joel transforms the house into a back rub parlor.

Risky Business, a sharp, captivating assessment of youngster disquiet, does not make an effort not to investigate boring topics.

3.Mission Impossible Rogue Nation

  • Writer:Bruce Geller, Christopher McQuarrie, Drew Pearce
  • Director:Christopher McQuarrie
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Jeremy Renner, Simon Pegg, Rebecca Ferguson
  • IMDb Rating:7.4/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:94%

Another gamble, titled the Syndicate, is that of phenomenally talented individuals who are geared towards fanning out an alternative universe interest through a growing series of mental oppressor assaults.

Ethan, confronted with what might be the most incomprehensible task yet, opens his social affair and assist out Ilsa Faust (Rebecca Ferguson), a denied British master who might be an individual from this destructive nonconformist country.

Mission: The establishments rejoice in the resurgence and shows that Tom Cruise remains a mind-blowing activity star.

2.Mission Impossible Ghost Protocol

  • Writer:Bruce Geller, Josh Appelbaum, Andre Nemec
  • Director:Brad Bird
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Jeremy Renner, Simon Pegg, Paula Patton
  • IMDb Rating:7.4/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:93%

Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) and the whole IMF office are denied by the US government, while the president initiates the Ghost Protocol. Hunt should in some ways or another unquestionable the affiliations name and prevent another assault.

Ethan should embrace the uncomprehensible mission with a social event of individual IMF escapees with suspect points. The fourth Mission: Impossible is a gigantic financial plan popcorn amusement that truly works.

1.Mission Impossible Fallout

  • Writer:Bruce Geller, Christopher McQuarrie
  • Director:Christopher McQuarrie
  • Cast:Tom Cruise, Henry Cavill, Ving Rhames, Simon Pegg
  • IMDb Rating:7.7/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes Rating:97%

Ethan Hunt and the IMF load mix are attempting to enact a disaster that would paralyze any individual''s custom. A join-up of regulators known as the Apostles is a desire to include three plutonium standards for a coordinated nuclear attack on the Vatican, Jerusalem, and Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Ethan and his social event culminate in an angry start of uncertainty and determination to prevent them from falling into two or three unsatisfactory hands. Quick, smooth, and messed around, Mission: Impossible Fallout learns the importance of setting another mark for insane set pieces in a solid with them.

Yes, it''s quite clear that Mr. Cruise gives us some fantastic movies. Here''s an overview of the 30 million Tom Cruise movies. Here''s a list of highlights, including the vanilla sky, which is also one of the worldwide box office''s critical and commercial hit films.

Des Weiteren, to let know you know that Paramount Pictures, Universal Pictures, and others have all produced the above-mentioned film.

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